What does it mean when an item is “Ready” to be pulled from the product backlog and worked on in a sprint? Although it’s not part of the Scrum Guide many product owners and dev teams agree on a “Definition of Ready”. The DoR is a checklist that captures their shared understanding of what criteria an item (often a user story) has to meet to start working on it. DoRs often contain elements of INVEST.
The Definition of Ready has an official sister, the Definition of Done. The DoD captures the shared understanding of when a sprint backlog item is done.
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Content of 1-Pager:
Definition of Ready
What can you expect when a product owner declares a backlog item “Ready”?
Scrum teams can only pick a backlog item for a sprint if they can get it “Done” within that sprint. The Scrum Guide describes the Refinement meeting (aka Grooming) to break down big features into manageable, detailed and estimated items (often user stories). Items can be groomed several times until they are “Ready” (or discarded). Grooming may not take up more than 10% of the dev team’s time.
Although it’s not part of the Scrum Guide many product owners and dev teams agree on a “Definition of Ready”. The DoR is a checklist that captures their shared understanding of what criteria an item (often a user story) has to meet to start working on it.
These are two DoRs from the same company. Neither of these is better or worse than the other. Each DoR reflects the joint expectations of PO and dev team at that time. They updated the DoR whenever they discovered gaps.
Team Kraken, 2013
– Legal Are we sure we’re not violating any regulations?
– Analytics How will our BAs get all the necessary data to
assess if customers use our feature?
Can Danny see the result of our feature?
– Test Cases
At the latest at Planning we will define the most
important test cases together
Context: Team builds features with customer-facing
web interfaces. The company has been using Scrum
for 3 years. They go live at least once per week.
Team Planet Express, 2015
– Story is groomed and estimated
– Everybody understands why the story is valuable
– Story is as small as possible while still
– Document new agreements
Context: Team builds an API for a SaaS product.
Team members have been using Scrum for years.
They release features as soon as they’re “done”.